Acupuncture Study Sees 'Remarkable' Success Rate in Veterans With PTSD
The study, funded by the British Acupuncture Council (BAcC) and conducted by Healthwatch Norfolk, involved 26 veterans, who received free treatment from the charity Stand Easy, between July 2017 and January 2018.
Data were collected through three self-report questionnaires – the primary outcome measure was PTSD symptoms, as measured through the PTSD checklist Civilian Version (PLC-C). The secondary outcome measure was symptoms of depression and anxiety, measured through the the 12-item General Health Questionnaires (GHQ-12).
Of the 26 participants, 21 (80.8%) completed post-treatment outcomes. Five (19.2%) dropped out before finishing the six sessions.
Ed Fraser, who led the project for HealthWatch Norfolk, said: "The positive results that we observed were highly unusual and extremely impressive when compared to other studies. That is a remarkable outcome, which we were not expecting to see.
"Whilst we acknowledge that our evaluation had a number of limitations, we believe that our results provide good evidence for the short-term effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for PTSD, which justifies further research in this area."
Using intention to treat analysis the researchers observed significant improvements in PTSD scores (PCL-C: -29, 95% CI: [-21.5 to -36.5]) and anxiety and depression scores (GHQ-12 -6.7, 95% CI: [-4.7 to -8.7]). The effect size (Cohen’s d) for the PCL-C was huge at 2.7 (SD 10.8, 95% CI: [2.0, 3.4]).
The effect size for the GHQ-12 was very large at 1.8 (SD 3.8, 95% CI: [1.2, 2.3]). 100% of completers experienced reliable and clinically significant improvement in PTSD symptoms (change in PCL-C >10).
At pre-treatment, 90.5% of completers met case criteria for PTSD (PCL-C >50) and no completers met case criteria at post-treatment. 92.3% of all participants met case criteria at pre-treatment compared to 19.2% at post-treatment.
Naji Malak, a fellow of the British Acupuncture Council, and founder of the Stand Easy charity, which offers swift and effective relief from PTSD and associated symptoms to all veterans, said: "Having worked with civilians and military personnel for more than 35 years, I firmly believe in acupuncture as an effective treatment for PTSD and the quick change it can bring out in people can be remarkable." Malak set up the charity in 2015 after watching a Panorama documentary 'Broken in Battle' which highlighted the dire and frustrating situation many of those seeking assistance for PTSD face. Originally from Lebanon, Malak spent many years perfecting his 'non-talking' acupuncture technique treating military personnel and prisoners of war in the Middle East.
He added: "People need energy to engage in talking therapies. Almost every veteran with PTSD has underlying energy which is completely flat, so many of them find it difficult to communicate verbally. If a veteran chooses to talk, then we talk, but it's not necessary. When you put the acupuncture needles in they work together to lift the heavy trauma out. It literally gets lifted out."
Malak said he has treated more than 110 veterans over the past 12 months and "almost every one of them is better."
Veterans from around the UK are now travelling to his Norfolk-based clinic for treatment. he added.
Stefan Coombes – suffered PTSD after being shot at and blown up in Afghanistan. He took overdose on Remembrance Day in 2013 when it all became too much. His symptoms included anger and severe anxiety. Medication and other forms of therapy did not work. He says acupuncture has helped with his anger and his family has noticed how much calmer and happier he is.
Darren Edwards – was in the military for over 24 years and served in Afghanistan, northern Ireland and both Gulf Wars. PTSD led him to drink up to seven bottles of wine a night, he was prone to violence, and tried to take his own life after suffering symptoms for many years. He did not expect the treatment to have such a dramatic effect. He says he felt amazing afterwards and that "within 10 minutes of having the first needle he had calmed down from a 'sweating, nervous wreck'." "I am mind-blown about how quickly it worked," he says. He believes he is now "a completely different person", he is no longer drinking and can get on with life. "I have never felt so elated in my life. I am back to smiling and enjoying life," he concludes.
Dan – was medically discharged because of his symptoms. He has a son and another child on the way and was desperate to get help for his PTSD, which was getting worse. His symptoms affected his sleeping, and he experienced hallucinations. He would lash out and throw things about in his sleep. He liked the acupuncture treatment because there was 'no messing around, no waiting list, no talking - just straight into treatment." He says: "I felt an improvement after the first session, my sleep improved. After the second week my anxiety was better and after the third week it was even better. It's improved my life massively."
Dr. Brittany McMillen
Chiropractic, Acupuncture, NAET
Nashville and White House, TN